​​ ​First: Trees
Ficus salicifoliaBig, beautiful green trees, and shade shelves. They decorate gardens, parks and sidewalks. Its leaves are dense and shiny. It is 10-15 m high and can be multiplied by reason and seeds, living in rocky clay soil. is widespread in most areas of the kingdom.
Tamarix Aphillatrees that can withstand harsh climatic conditions. Its leaves are ciliary. They serve as buffers for wind and sand. It is 10 m high and can be planted in gardens, parks, and roadsides, living in sandy mud soil, abundant with brains and seeds. It is widespread in most parts of the Kingdom.
Salvadora PersicaFast-growing, vegetable-dense plants tolerate heat, dryness and salinity. Ideal for stopping the advance of sand, fences, roadside barriers and gardens, configurable and minimal, with medical and economic benefits, live in sandy and muddy lands. They can grow in spherical, semi-climactic (dilated), or tree-shaped plant catchments that are widespread in warm wetlands and are not suited to cold areas.
Moringa peregrineaThey are beautiful perennial trees that can withstand drought, salinity, and high temperature, and have medical and economic benefits. Their height in beautiful flowery is about 5-10 m. They can be used for gardens, arts, median islands, sidewalks, city entrances, and other areas and for their wide spread to most parts of the kingdom. Its habitual habitat is the Surah and Hijaz Mountains. It is abundant with seeds.
Commiphora gileadensisA beautiful aromatic shrub . withstanding harsh climatic conditions. Leaves are small and can be stripped in summer. Its height (2-3 m) is suitable for streets, gardens and arts. They live in the stone areas of the Hijaz Mountains and the Sarah in the hot and temperate zones and do not live in cold areas for less than 20 °C. It can be deployed to wider environments.
Pistacia khinjukA beautiful tree with a bright view, its leaves are renewed in the spring. It rises about (5-10 m) and is suitable for beautifying streets, gardens and house courtyards. Living in the western, north-western regions, they breed with seeds (endangered), suitable in the cold and temperate non-hot areas from the mountains of the Medina region up to the mountains of the Tabuk region and no more than 900 m high
Rhus retinorrhoea One type of the Ptolemaic family. It has a thick shadow, and shiny triangular leaves, living in the south and southwest of the kingdom. It's good for beautifying streets, arts, medians, parks and parks. It is suitable for the temperate and cold non-hot zones in the south and southwest of the kingdom up to 35 degrees Celsius.
Capparis DeciduaA perennial tree, living along the shores of the Red Sea, some of the Najd areas. It grows mostly with the Sohr. They have delicate shades, bright pink red flowers. It is suitable for gardens, streets, and arts, suitable in the western coastal areas and the middle, hot, and temperate zone.
Maisa LanceolataBeautiful-looking tree, its leaves are large and soft, and that's why it's called smooth. It rises about (3-5 m) and grows at kindly and temperate locations. It's good for streets, gardens, parks and art. (Very rare), suitable for cold, humid areas and around water resources in the Southwest region and does not tolerate drought.
Terminalia BrowniiIt's called fundus. They are luxuriant shade trees, with beautiful flowers, and purple fruits, which can be planted in squares, gardens, and parks, suitable for the temperate southwest in a climate of no more than 40 degrees Celsius, and for altitudes below 900 meters
Ficus sycomorus

It is called the Apri and lives in the western and southwestern regions. The fruit is eaten. With abundant shade, it can be planted in streets and parks, and around mosques and arts.

of trees planted to ward off flooding, suitable for the southwestern and western regions up to the Dabaa Governorate in the north. It can't tolerate cold to less than 15 degrees Celsius.

Ficus PalmataIt is the wild figs, a beautiful, perennial tree, with fruit to be eaten. Its leaves are falling in the winter. It rises to (5-10 m) suitable for afforestation in gardens, parks, art, street pavements and city entrances. It lives widely in the mountains of the western, southwestern and central regions, suitable for most of the very hot kingdom .
Tamarindus indicaA large perennial tree. Their shades are luxurious, and their fruitage is eaten. rise to (10-20 m) to withstand extreme weather conditions. It's suitable for planting gardens, parks and streets. It lives in stony clay soil and breeds with seeds, suitable in most regions of the kingdom, especially the hot and humid southwest regions and the temperate and uncool coastal regions.
Populus euphraticaA beautiful, fast-growing tree, living in both cold and hot regions. In cold areas, the leaves fall in winter and are evergreen in hot areas. It is 10-15 meters long and is suitable for parks and gardens in the central region. They multiply with the brain. They are very rare in the kingdom, suitable for most of the kingdom's regions.
Dracaena ombatAnd it's called The Godfather, too. It is a very perennial tree, based on a trunk that ends with a spherical branching of foil, beautiful seasonal flowers, germinating in the Hijaz Mountains and the Sarah. It can be grown in most parts of the kingdom. It is suitable for squares, gardens and arts. They can be multiplied by seeds (a rare, endangered tree), suitable for the Hijaz Mountains and the Regency until 2300 m. They cannot withstand the intense heat
Ficus vastaA large, perennial tree living in the southwestern region with a large shade about 50 m in diameter. Its fruits are eaten. It is suitable for streets, parks, and public gardens, and it grows in all the temperate regions in summer and winter. It can be grown with the brain and seeds. (It is a rare, endangered tree), suitable for cold and temperate regions in summer and winter.
Delonix AlataA beautiful, perennial tree, with white flowers, that turns yellow and then orange. It blooms in spring, and it lasts for about three months, and it smells fragrant. Endure extreme weather. They are suitable for tree-planting in the western and southwestern regions, and can be successfully planted in the central regions, suitable for most of the kingdom  
Olea europaeaShe lives in the western and southwestern regions of the kingdom. It is a perennial tree, with fruit of olive crops. Endure harsh climatic conditions. They live in mountainous areas. Birds shelter them like a rare wild olive bath. They are suitable for decorating streets, art, city entrances and parks, reproducing with reason or seeds, and suitable for temperate and cold areas from an altitude of 1400-2700 m.
Ziziphus spinaA large, perennial, beautiful tree, and delicate shade. They are a source of food and medicine and can decorate gardens, streets, sidewalks, parks, art and city entrances with an altitude of up to 10 m. They can serve as buffers for wind, dust and sand. They live in muddy, sandy soil. Its flowers are a product of the famous lotus honey. Its fruits are delicious and nutritious.  It is widespread and suitable for most of the kingdom.
Maerua crassifoliaIt's a very common perennial tree. Endure extreme weather conditions. It has beautiful white, radial flowers. It's suitable for parks, city entrances, art and streets and lives in muddy sandy soil. It reproduces with seeds and minds, suitable for all regions of the kingdom.
 Acacia raddianaA large perennial tree, a species of the widely dispersed Ascend family. They rise to about 7-15 m. and are considered beautiful desert trees that are well shaded and resistant to harsh climatic conditions. It's suitable for parks and streets and city entrances, living in sandy clay soil. They reproduce with seeds, suitable for temperate and cold hot areas.
Carissa YamisA beautiful, perennial tree, with a delicate shade, almost darkened by the density of twigs and permanent leaves. Their flowers have a fragrant Yasmini fragrance. They can be cut, molded, used as garden fences or preserved in their arboreal character. It's suitable for gardens, parks and art. It lives in the southwest region (of rare, endangered plants), suitable for the temperate and cold regions of 1200-1900 AD
Breondia Salicina

A large, perennial tree. Having shades and camels, rising about 30-50 m, living on the banks of the valleys. And it's a wonderful, big tree. It's suitable for parks and public gardens, living in the Southwest region.

(from very rare trees), suitable for the temperate and non-cold areas of an altitude of 900-1300 m

Dobera glabraA beautiful, evergreen, perennial tree. Living on the plains of Tihama, the caves of the Sarah Mountains, the fruits are edible. It rises about (5-10 m) and is suitable to beautify streets, art, city entrances and parks, suitable in the Tihama Plains and the valleys of the Sarah up to 900 m.
Ficus IngensOne species of clay, a beautiful tree, with abundant shade and delicious fruits. They rise about 5-10 m. Their leaves appear red in the spring and then they drift off in bright colors until they reach green in the fall. Magnificent for streets, parks and parks (which are rare and endangered trees), suitable in the Southwest and Central Region from an altitude of 900-2000.
Pistacia falcata\One type of the Ptolemaic family. It is a beautiful tree with a bright appearance, whose leaves are renewed in the spring. It rises about 10-20 m and is suitable for planting trees in streets and public gardens. Living in the western, southwestern regions breed with seeds, suitable in the Sarwat Mountains from 1200-2300 m.
Juniperus proceraperennial, evergreen, foliage-dense, and shade-flush. Living at altitudes (1,400 m-above) in the Asir Highlands, Al Baha, Jazan, Taif, and Al Hijaz Mountains, it is suitable for afforestation of streets, public gardens, and city entrances, in those areas, suitable from 1,400 m up.  
Euphorbia ammakA species of the European family that is suitable for use in public places and in public squares. Includes species such as jars and leeks. They endure dehydration and harsh conditions, living in most places. (Deep is rare and endangered) suitable in temperate and cold regions from 100-1500 m.
Lycium shawiiTrees that support harsh climates. It has small leaves, about 2-3 meters high, suitable for the corners of gardens, under bridges, city entrances, and courtyards, which can be multiplied by reason and seeds, living in various types of soil and suitable in most regions of the Kingdom.
Prosopis cinerariaPerennial trees higher than 10-20 m (10-20 m) are considered a local alternative to extraneous shrimp trees. heat-resistant, drought-tolerant and salty trees, composite, condensed feather leaves ... honey-producing flowers. They serve as buffers for wind and sand, and tree-planting roads, parks, gardens, and streets. Living in the muddy sandy soil, breeding with seeds, is suitable in all regions of the kingdom except the highlands for more than 1,000 m.
Salix MucronataPerennial, beautiful-looking, dense and shiny-leaved tree. They rise about (7-10 m) and grow mostly around springs of water. Its sticks are used in the manufacture of expensive household utensils. He lives in the southwest region. It's good for parks and gardens. (Rare Endangered Species) is appropriate in most cold and temperate non-hot areas.
Cordia sinensis
A beautiful, perennial tree, with a delicate shade, and its fruits are eaten. They rise to about 4-6 m to withstand extreme climatic conditions. They can be multiplied by the brain and seeds. They are suitable for all hot and temperate non-cold regions
Acacia etbaicaA beautiful perennial tree, rising to about (5-7 m) with a luxuriant shade, considered a fuel tree.  Resist extreme weather. It's suitable for median islands, garden corners and city entrances. They breed with appropriate seeds in the Tihama and Sirah plains east and west until an altitude of 1700 m .
Mersin AfricanaA bright green shrub, with red flowers, and purple fruits. It is about 2 to 3 m high and is suitable for gardens, parks, and house yards. They reproduce with the mind and with the seeds. (Rare, Endangered) Suitable in cold 1500-2700 m high and can't withstand high heat.
Mimusops laurifolia It is one of the largest trees in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and lives naturally in the mountainous areas of the valleys of Bani Malek, al-Raith in Jazan, al-Farasha in Asir and extends into the courtyard. It rises to about 30-50 m and has edible fruit that resembles olive. to multiply by the seeds. It favors humid, temperate areas, with evergreen leaves. (Rare and Endangered) is suitable for the humid, temperate, southwestern regions .
Korshinskyi PrunusThe Almond Mountain in Tabuk belongs to the name of this tree. They are scattered in Jabal al-Lawz and Jabal Shar in Tabuk area. It rises to about 3-5 m. It's good for parks and gardens. It breeds with seeds. The Hijaz and Sarawat Mountains are at an altitude of 1800-2200 m and at a temperature of 40 °C.
Prunus ArabicaOne of the rarest varieties of the rose family in the north of the kingdom. He lives in Skaka and Arar district. In Oman, the mashup is common in the Musandam mountains and is suitable for parks and gardens (very rare and endangered) and is suitable for the northern region of the kingdom (Sakaka, Arar and Qurayat)
 Commiphora MerhraThe bitter tree is a perennial tree resistant to harsh climatic conditions. The leaves are small, they are stripped of the leaves in the summer, unless they are leaked; they are tender.  They are designed with medical uses. They rise about 2-3 m (which is suitable for courtyards, streets, and city entrances, and live in sandstone clay soil. It can be grown with the brain and seeds. Suitable for the temperate, hot, and non-cold areas of the Tihama Plains and the Eastern Desert Valleys until the early Empty Quarter.
Erica ArboreaA very beautiful tree, one of the rarest trees springing up in the peaks of the Sarah Mountains, a juniper-like tree. They are dense and grow in cool, moist peaks. It's suitable for parks and gardens in the southwest. (Very rare, and threatened with extinction) suitable in the peaks of the Surah Mountains above 1900 m in high humidity locations.
Acokanthera schimperi A tree that grows in a spherical form. Its leaves are dense and not falling. It has beautiful blossoms and smells like a delightful robe. It rises about 3-5 m. The parks, gardens, and arts can be fitted to the southwest. In the South-West, the border of Al-Namas Governorate (1200-1900 AD) is appropriate.
Ehretia abyssinicaA beautiful, lush green-looking tree, with dense shade, and abundant fruit, it attracts many species of birds that feed on its fruit. It rises to about (5-10 m) endure extreme climatic conditions, and is strongly propagated by seeds characterized by the rapid germination of seeds. The parks, gardens and courtyards of houses in the mountains of Jizan and Tihama region are suitable until 1100 m high and cannot withstand the low temperatures.
Algae, AcaciaThey are selected from among the regions, such as Al-Talh Al-Najdi, Al-Talh Al-Iraqi, Al-Sayil Al-Suriyya, Al-Samar, or Al-Dhiya. They are especially tree species that are based on one trunk and do not have branches at their base, such as trees of ladder. These species are widespread, but their distribution is controlled by temperatures and altitude above sea level. It has a limited geographical extension up to the north of the kingdom. It's suitable for median pavements and city entrances, in most of the kingdom, depending on how they fit in each area
Second: Medium-altitude shrubs and plants
Calligonum comosum One of the desert plants that survives on sand dunes, one of the most important sand stabilizers. It's good for roadsides, anti-graft bumps, and it's a versatile tree in cities, in squares, in roads, in art, and at the entrances to cities. They need little water. "It endures harsh drought and climate conditions and has seasonal yellow and red blossoms, and is suitable for sand dune sites in the central, northern, and eastern regions."
Combretum aculeatumIt grows in the southwest region. It has dense colorful flowers and a pleasant narcissistic aroma. It repairs a magnificent perimeter of gardens, parks and art. (very rare, and endangered) is appropriate in the temperate and uncool South West up to 900m high .
Haloxylon persicumA semi-arboreal, grassy desert plant that tolerates dryness, salinity, and high temperature. It's ideal for backplanes, corners and planes. Widespread in the central, western, and northern regions is appropriate in the location of sand dunes in the central, northern, and eastern regions. 
Dodonaea angustifolia of local shrubs living in the Asir highlands and the southern and western regions. It has bright green leaves and beautiful flowers. It is configurable and segmented and is a great alternative to concorpus (bazromi), which has a number of health and environmental damages. It is suitable for all regions and is suitable for gardens, corners, yards, and house courtyards in most regions of the Kingdom.
Euphorbia balsamiferaOf the beautiful modern plants, the leaves are few and far between. They have light-colored white branches that grow in an oval-like form, and from a distance they are seen as sheep grazing on mountainsides. It is scattered in the areas between Sarah Ubayda and Najran. High tolerance for drought. Arable in large areas. It fits into spaces, angles and artwork. It is suitable in the mountainous areas between Khamis Mushait and Najran and is suitable for all similar regions and environments.
Aloe spp.It is a widely dispersed, juicy, polymorphous plant with beautiful multicolored flowers according to the species it follows. Some species are rare and endangered, living in the southwestern region, fit for spaces, corners, and art, and do not need much water, which is suitable for most regions of the kingdom 
Adenium obesum A beautiful, widespread shrub. It's based on a fleshy leg in different forms. It has very beautiful pink flowers. They rise to about (1-3 m). It is a mountainous region in the southwest, and it can be planted in most parts of the kingdom.  The areas, sidewalks, gardens, parks, and yard dwellings are suitable in most areas of the Kingdom.
Rhanterium epposumA desert flowering semi-arboreal plant which survives drought, salinity, and high heat. It's ideal for space, grounds, parks and parks. The widespread presence in the central, western, and northern regions is suitable for most of the kingdom's desert landscape.
Haloxylon spp. Both species may gather in a single bump on top of the fat sand. It has a beautiful smell and high quality fuel. It is suitable for landscaping, city entrances and public parks, and suitable for dunes in the central, northern and eastern regions .
Anisotes trisulcus A very beautiful shrub, its leaves dense, blossoming whenever it is watered after thirsting. Its flowers are red and orange, very beautiful. The weather conditions are tolerated. The Tihama Plains stretch as far as Mecca, suitable for the Tihama Plains up to 2200 meters and up to the Naaman Valley south of Mecca. 


Anvilla Garvinii

A beautiful grassland plant, characterized by its yellow flowers, which is abundant in the central and northwestern regions of the Kingdom. Flat sites in parks, parks, and open spaces are suitable in most regions of the Kingdom except the Southwest and Seurat Mountains .


Third: Climbers: Plants that climb on walls, trees or rocks
Jasminum grandiflorumOne of the most beautiful plants inhabited in the Surah and Hijaz mountains. They are characterized by white flowers with a heavy aromatic odor, suitable for the cool and temperate zones of the Grand Sera Mountains, and another (very rare) species that can be grown in temperate and hot regions is the Jasminum fluminens
Rosa abyssinicaIt has dense white flowers, and it can eat its fruit. (Rare, Endangered) is appropriate in the cold and temperate South-West regions high above 2000 m and intolerant of high heat.
Clematis HirsuteAromatic plant, its flowers with a clever aromatic odor. The temperate southwest regions are suitable in the cool, temperate regions between 1300-2000 m and cannot withstand the high temperature



A plant of the uveal family, similar in grapes with syphilis and fruity. The mountains of the Jazan region (very rare) are suitable in the high and cold southern regions and the valleys of Sarra up to 2000 meters up to Abha.
Coccinea grandisA beautiful climbing plant. It has fruit that grows gradually in color from green to brown red. It's eaten, and it's delicious and nutritious. Wild plants occur in the western and southwestern regions of the Kingdom. Repairing, and all the climates mentioned, of gardens, parks, and house courtyards, is suitable in the temperate regions of the Grand Sera and Tihama Mountains from 900 to 2000


aromatic plants
Lavandula atriplicifoliaA perennial shrub, having a refreshing fragrant fragrance, similar to that of the Medinah douche, its leaves are dusty white, and therefore also known as the Ghubria (very rare), suitable for the temperate zones between Sarawat and Hijaz 
Ruta ChalepensisGrassy shrub, with a permeable aromatic odor, its leaves are green and slightly bluish. They have adequate yellow blossoms in the Surah and Tihama areas from 1500-2200 m high and the temperate plains of the Red Sea.
Lavandula pubescensHerbaceous plant with a scent scented smell. Bell-shaped light-violet flowers, suitable for the cool, cool, cool, unheated areas of magma and hijaz
Lavandula dentataAged herbal plant. It has a fragrant aromatic odor similar to that of the rosemary, a very beautiful composite violet blossom, which is precipitated by bees and produces sweet-smelling honey and tasty taste in the temperate and cold no-hot regions of 1700-2100 m.
​​ Fifth: Onions and tubers
1 Iris albicansWhite-blossom onions, suitable for gardens and corners of courtyards, suitable for temperate zones.
2 Gynandiris sisirinchiumA blue-purple bulb, suitable for gardens, corner courtyards, also, suitable for temperate zones.
Crinum albumA large onion, with a stalk holding a large number of large flowers, white, and a beautiful fragrant smell. They live in the southwestern regions and can be deployed in other regions. They are suitable for gardens, art, and streets. The semi-shade is suitable in temperate regions.
Scadoxus multiflorus An onion with dark green leaves, from which emerge a stalk bearing red radial flowers. It's suitable for public gardens, corner courtyards, semi-shady places, too. (Sam plant) Appropriate in temperate zones
Narcissus tazettaOnion that is dense with onion, white and yellowish flowers from the center. It has a very beautiful aromatic odor. It works for gardens and corners of courtyards. It is a good poisonous plant in temperate regions.



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